Head Injury/ConcussionHead Injury/ConcussionsWhat is a Concussion?A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury, or TBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the headthat can change the way your brain normally works.Concussions can also occur from a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth. health care professionals may describe a concussion as a "mild" brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, their effects can be serious.What are the Signs and Symptoms of Concussion?What are the signs and symptoms of a concussion?
Most people with a concussion recover quickly and fully. But for some people, symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer. In general, recovery may be slower among older adults, young children, and teens. Those who have had a concussion in the past are also at risk of having another one and may find that it takes longer to recover if they have another concussion.
Symptoms of concussion usually fall into four categories:
Difficulty thinking clearly
Fuzzy or blurry vision
Sleeping more than usual
Feeling slowed down
Nausea or vomiting
Sleep less than usual
Sensitivity to noise or light
Trouble falling asleep
Difficulty remembering new information
Feeling tired, having no energy
Nervousness or anxietySome of these symptoms may appear right away, while others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury, or until the person starts resuming their everyday life and more demands are placed upon them. Sometimes, people do not recognize or admit that they are having problems. Others may not understand why they are having problems and what their problems really are, which can make them nervous and upset.The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be difficult to sort out. Early on, problems may be missed by the person with the concussion, family members, or doctors. People may look fine even though they are acting or feeling differently.
When to Seek Immediate Medical Attention:
Danger Signs in Children and Adolescents:
In rare cases, a dangerous blood clot may form on the brain in a person with a concussion and crowd the brain against the skull. Contact your health care professional or emergency department right away if your child has any of the following danger signs after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body:
- Headache that gets worse and does not go away.
- Weakness, numbness or decreased coordination.
- Repeated vomiting or nausea.
- Slurred speech.
The above information is from the Center for Disease Control - www.cdc.gov/Concussion
- Look very drowsy or cannot be awakened.
- Have one pupil (the black part in the middle of the eye) larger than the other.
- Have convulsions or seizures.
- Cannot recognize people or places.
- Are getting more and more confused, restless, or agitated.
- Have unusual behavior.
- Lose consciousness (a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously and the person should be carefully monitored).